Rehabilitation and extension
The 1937 building is a modernist architecture from the 1930s in Portugal and developed in parallel with the Art Deco influence. The renewal of style and the construction process in private construction from the 1930s onwards, suggested by the new political regime of the time, led to a new architectural language at the time.
The building to be rehabilitated and expanded emerges with a more rationalistic outline of clear formal simplification and geometrization, with accentuation of horizontal elements that mark the window spans and the entrance door. This resulted in forms generally closer to functional concepts and further from purely decorative languages. This architectural design is related to the introduction of reinforced concrete in buildings.
The building area occupies a plot of 208.00 m2 consisting of basement, ground floor and 1st floor, being confined between two buildings, one to the east and one to the west, both with patio to the south.
The surrounding area is part of Avenidas Novas block and is characterized by a large built mass consisting of townhouses, where the context has the particularity of urban Lisbon modernity where new architectural forms coexist with old forms and practices in the same urban space, “In a visual fusion of two worlds, a hybrid landscape in which past and present, where ancient regime and modernity were distinguished with difficulty.” (Villaverde, 2006)
The Modernist architecture of which the building is part, was developed in Avenidas Novas from the mid-1920s, particularly from the years 1928-30, a period known for the beginning of political and institutional stability generated by Estado Novo.
Adherence to this new machine aesthetic is an attitude that underlies modern construction and was reserved at an early stage for utility buildings without architectural status. This ambiguity created, on the one hand by the acceptance of new techniques, on the other by the architect’s activity in seeking to hide the structural skeleton, led to a greater decoration, which prolonged the artistic sense of the architecture and therefore the existence in the same blocks, of buildings with more decorated facades and others, more simplified and geometrized facade.
The proposal consists in the rehabilitation with alteration and expansion of a residential building, being the typologies to be introduced different from those existing in the basement, ground floor and 1st floor. The current fractions typology T1 and the two new ones to be created will typology T2 (Duplex).
The basement, ground floor and first floor fractions of typology T1 have an organized distribution in which the social and service area including the kitchen, toilet and storage are distributed along the corridor to the south direction. The private room is oriented towards the north, and the basement fractions have direct access to the patio and private parking, through the platform in metal structure covered in wood Deck with stairway to the patio and balustrade in stainless steel.
The two new T2 (Duplex) fractions are the expansion of the existing building, with the extension of the stairs box body by two more floors. Access to the Duplex will be through the 2nd floor.
The typology is organized with a social area consisting of hall, corridor with access to the common room and toilet (adapted for disabled people), a living and dining room with south-facing balcony. The kitchen is to the north, also accessible to disabled people.
The access to the first floor of the Duplex is via a staircase from the entrance hall. On the upper floor is the private housing area with two bedrooms. To the south, the room benefits from a generous space that allows the entry of natural light ensuring greater comfort and health. The north facing room will also have a large space and direct access to a balcony with plenty of natural light despite its orientation, also contributing to a significant added value of the architectural proposal.
Filipe da Mata Street, Lisbon
Nuno Ladeiro / Carmo Branco